Full-stack web development refers to the development of both the front-end and back-end side of a web application. Apart from the front-end and back-end technologies, knowledge of database, server, API, and debugging of web applications also come under full-stack development. No doubt, companies prefer to hire professionals who take a full stack developer course and gain expertise in this area.
Let us dive deep into what full-stack web development is all about.
Full-stack Web Development: An Introduction
Usually, we know of the front-end and back-end technologies of web application development. The front-end technology refers to the visible part of a website or a web application i.e. what you get to look on the web page when it opens on a browser (client-side development). For example, you see some text of different size, format, or color, images, advertisements, checkboxes, call-to-action-buttons, colorful background, and more when you open any website. Designing all of these visible elements is the responsibility of a front-end developer. Now there are certain languages, libraries, and frameworks that help in designing the webpage. Popular names include:
- HyperText Markup Language or HTML
- Cascading Style Sheets or CSS
Next, the back-end technology refers to how the website works, something that is not of concern for the clients (server-side development). When the users provide some form of input through the website, it is the responsibility of the back-end developer to create, update, or recollect that information and save that into a database. Server management which includes hosting the database and dealing with the performance and scalability of the website also comes under back-end development. Some of the languages, libraries, and frameworks that support back-end technology include:
Databases may be Oracle, MySQL, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL.
Quite obviously, full-stack web developers are the ones who are skilled in using both the front-end and back-end technologies along with the server, network, and hosting environments. They are capable of discussing and addressing both aspects of web development and tend to handle business logic as well as user experience.
Responsibilities of a Full-Stack Web Developer
As a full-stack web developer is a relatively new role, the responsibilities of such professionals may vary depending on organization to organization. Here are some of the common tasks that a full-stack developer is accountable for.
- Developing web applications that are functional and fast responsive.
- Monitoring the entire application lifecycle and suggesting the kind of technology to be used in each phase.
- Designing and deployment of the database.
- Design an effective front-end architecture to ensure effective user-based interactions.
- Integrating the front-end user interface with the developed API.
- Use design principles and product specifications to ensure that the software developed meets the client requirements and quality standards.
- Collaborate with engineering and product teams to include any new features that improve the overall performance of the developed application.
- Handling database administration and hosting duties.
- Troubleshooting technical issues that arise either on the front-end or back-end side of the application.
- Collaborating with graphic designers to transform designs into attractive visual elements.
When it comes to qualifications, candidates should at least have a bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field. While knowledge of all the programming languages and frameworks isn’t necessary, a few years of experience working in any one language and framework is desirable.
Becoming a Full-Stack Web Developer
This article has so far given you all the necessary details regarding the full-stack web development. If the responsibilities mentioned above are what you are interested in handling, then this career option is for you. As per Payscale, full-stack web developers make an average annual salary of USD 75,057 in the US. TCS, Wipro, Accenture, IBM, Google, and Intel are some of the renowned companies hiring full-stack web developers.