Write a 3-5 page paper building on one of the topics discussed in modules on health technologies and fertility. Below are recommended topics. If you wish to write on another topic in this area please have it approved in advance. A typical paper should synthesize material from 2-3 academic papers, at least one of which is not on the reading list. You are encouraged to take an editorial stance in your review--e.g, to assess the credibility of different arguments. Please submit online through canvas. Papers (but not grades or evaluations) will be available to other class members.
1. It has been argued that inability to access or afford sanitary napkins is a barrier to school attendance among teenage girls in some low income countries. Read and evaluate
in the light of papers discussed in class on technology adoption.
2. A recent paper looks at the effects of the introduction of piped water in Tangiers Morocco.
Evaluate this paper and compare and contrast the results to that of other papers on water that we have read in class.
3. The role of social spillovers as a source of fertility decline in low income countries has received substantial attention but it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between learning behavior and changes in norms and constraints. Discuss this issue using
as an entry point to the literature.
4. Two papers by Paxson explore alternative mechanisms relating economic policies to child health in Latin America.
Using these papers as a basis, what would you say are the key elements of an economic model of child health? For example, what appear to be the relative importance of income and price effects.
5. Paxson looks at the changing role of education in the spread of HIV.
Interpret these results in the light of models of AIDS-related behavior on the reading list
6. I is often argued that reproductive health services can importantly contribute to economic development. Discuss the merits of this argument in the light of following and other related papers
7. Recent studies of various kinds of preventative care technology show little evidence of the kind of learning observed in other technologies.
Discuss these results and consider why they might be different from other health technologies in which either negative or positive spillovers are observed.
8. How does marriage affect risky sexual behavior and thus the spread of HIV? Examine this question in the light of
and other related papers.